The Polish government strictly limits access to community energy. This should be urgently addressed and improved in the updated NECP.
– Energy cooperatives cannot be created in Polish cities.
– Community installation are limited on the level of energy production.
– The updated NECPs should include measures to accelerate community energy development.
The Polish energy system is said to be unprepared for massive deployment of renewable energy sources. There are already times when RES installations are cut out from the grid, because the additional power they generate is said to be too high. The government hides behind this misconception, withholding intensive investment in private and community renewable installations in Poland. As a consequence, private owners are discouraged to produce more renewable energy than they use.
In truth, balanced energy production and consumption could be reached on the community level, but the government does not allow energy communities to flourish too quickly and everywhere. Currently, energy cooperatives can only be created outside city areas – i.e. in rural municipalities. As a result, most of the country’s inhabitants are geographically denied the opportunity to set up energy communities.
The government has plans to create a virtual entity that only mildly resembles a true energy community. Such an entity would be allowed to use produced energy, but only up to its consumption level, without the right to produce and share more (i.e. it will not be a group of prosumers).