German NECP

Germany rapidly accelerated the deployment of renewable energy, but it still didn’t unlock its full potential. The key is now to accelerate expansion, strengthening planning capacities in administrations, enabling conditions for tenant electricity and energy sharing. Germany finally needs a transport policy that is aligned with climate targets. The company car privilege for internal combustion engines must be dropped and the focus must be on rail instead of new road construction.

Click HERE to download the German draft NECP country assessment

Germany – climate action progress in figures

Check German implementation of its National Energy and Climate Plan

While the draft NECP update demonstrates an increased ambition compared to the 2019 version, it is based on a “scenario with existing measures” which, according to projections from the German Environment Agency, does not place Germany on a path to achieve 65% emission reduction by 2030 compared to 1990 levels and to reach climate neutrality by 2045.

In the best case scenario, current measures only allow Germany to reach 63% of emissions reduction by 2030 and 83% by 2050. EU targets for ESR emissions are not met, mainly due to a lack of measures in the transport and building sectors. Trajectories in energy efficiency lag behind EU ambitions.

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German NECP Assessment

German NECP Assessment

Germany has not submitted a draft National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP) update, as of 30 September 2023, and it is not clear when it will. In June, the long-awaited Climate Action Programme – a cornerstone also for the NECP update – was finally adopted. This should imply that the NECP update will soon be submitted. The Climate Action Programme, however, is not sufficient to achieve the 2030 climate targets set in the Federal Climate Protection Act. This was also confirmed by the German Council of Experts on Climate Change. The draft NECP update presents itself as a perfect opportunity to adjust its trajectory. Environmental organisations have developed a set of recommended policies and measures to fill this gap...


The German National and Energy Climate Plan needs to provide measures to reach both the climate targets for 2030 and the goal of a climate neutral economy by 2045. At this stage, it’s very important to foster public participation in the plan drafting and to accelerate the transition starting from the transport sector.